This is an excellent resource on knots. The Palomar knot is useful in almost every case, and the Arbor knot is great for tying string onto the reel. The snell knot - universion can be used to tie hooks onto the line if they have no eye.
This is the knot is used for attaching lures to a line. Notice the Palomar knot is also the second strongest knot for lures. You can also use this everywhere you would use the Palomar knot.
This site also does a good job of organizing knots and the like.
Slip-Sinker: This is a standard go-to rig for most things. A bobber can be attached if you desire. The 40-50lb leader isn't required, whatever you use for your normal line will work fine.
Santee-Cooper: A very popular and standard rig for catfish.
Slip-Bobber Rig: Popular bobber rig when fishing for catfish. It can also be used whenever you want to use a bobber for any fish.
Texas Rig: This is a good rig for catching bass, and has been proven to be great with Largemouth.
Carolina Rig: According to the website it's a good rig for bass, and seems solid in principle :/
Quick Strike Rig: The only rig we know of that's good for Muskie. Here the 40-50lb leader (or steel or wire leader) IS required.
Sport Fish Species at Alum Creek:
These guys get big, and they put up a very strong fight. Fishing for these guys will require at least a medium sized outfit, 14+lb line, and steel wire leaders as they have sharp teeth that can shred normal line. We probably will not end up fishing for these, as the learning curve for this type of species is very steep. If we do get people who have successfully fished for Muskie in the past, Alum is one of the only 9 lakes in the state where they are stocked, and as such is one of the best places in Ohio to catch them.
- Alum has Channel Catfish and Bullhead Catfish. Bullheads usually don't get much bigger than 14 in, but Channel Catfish get much larger and Alum is one of the best places in Central Ohio to catch them. They are popular sport fish because of their size, their fight, their taste, and they are common as dirt. Popular baits include chicken liver, nightcrawlers, stink baits, and shrimp; but they will eat just about anything (they aren't picky). If your aiming to catch a bunch of catfish, your best bet is probably a good stink bait (you'll have to do some research/ testing to find a good one). For large cats Shad (cut/live, fresh caught is best, but frozen will do) is the bait of choice hands down. Gear wise, Medium or Medium heavy (for bigger cats, for Alum Medium will do fine), and 12-20lb line is recommended. If you plan to use other fish as bait Kahle hooks (size 3/0) are preferred, but not required. Typically you would fish for cats' off the bottom, but they can be caught on a bobber as well.
Another popular sport fish, Largemouth are usually fished for with a variety of lures, but can be caught using a bobber and nightcrawlers or shiners/minnows/other baitfish. Alum is by no means bad for these fish, but there are certainly better. When fishing for Largemouth you should use Light-Medium light pole, and no heavier than 8lb line, because you'll want your pole to be as sensitive as possible when lure fishing. Heavier stuff will work but isn't as sensitive.
These guys put up a very strong fight for their size, and as such are very popular sport fish. Crank Baits and other lures are standard methods of catching these guys, but they can be caught with live minnows as well. Again Alum isn't the best lake for these fish but it isn't bad either. The same gear used for Largemouth will work for Smallmouth as well.
The smallest of the 3 sport species, people fish for them often because they taste good. Any gear will do for these guys, as they don't get that big. As far as bait, you'll have had a hard time not catching them using chicken liver.
These guys are are everywhere in any Ohio lake. Like white bass, any gear will work for them as they are small and gullible. They can be caught on just about anything if they are hungry enough, but worms will work best. If you care about quantity over quality, buy some wax worms and you'll leave Fishcon with the most notches on your belt. If you have never fished before this will probably be your first fish.
Crappie = Hardmode Bluegill. They are very plentiful and catches of 30+ in a few hours are not uncommon. They get a little bit bigger than Bluegill, they're a little bit more picky, and are a little harder to find. There are two sub-species: white and black (pictured in the hover-over). They are a popular sport fish because they taste good and present more of a challenge than Bluegill. You're more likely to be constantly catching these than other sport fish like carp, bass catfish, etc. They are typically caught on jigs, minnows, and jigs tipped with minnows.
A very popular sport fish we probably won't be fishing for. They are typically a colder water fish and are far more active during the colder months. Rooster tails (a type of lure) work really well to catch them, gear that will work for bass will also work for these guys.
They seem to put up the weakest fight of any fish, but they taste good. They'll eat worms, but there are probably better baits. There are two sub species: white and yellow.
Inexplicably, they are not a popular sport fish here in America, though they are in Europe, and are fun to catch. They get pretty big, and put up one hell of a fight when hooked (they are probably responsible for more lost poles than any other fish). Gear wise the same gear you would use for catfish will work. They will take worms and maggots, but the best baits include corn and corn flavored stuff (like corn pops cereal), various doughballs or "boilies" as they are called in Europe, strawberry flavored stuff (usually used in doughballs), or by floating bread (though it is hard to keep on the hook, and occasionally you'll catch a duck). Like stink baits for catfish, everyone and their uncle has a recipe for them and not all of them are created equal. Usually fished for on the bottom, and not usually caught in large numbers, but can be caught on a consistent basis if you know what you're doing.